Institut für Raumbezogene Informations- und Messtechnik
Hochschule Mainz - University of Applied Sciences

Spatial Humanities

Unter Spatial Humanities verstehen wir am i3mainz mess- und informationstechnische Anwendungen in den Geisteswissenschaften. Dabei liegt der Schwerpunkt in der Erfassung und Verarbeitung raumbezogener Daten, also Anwendungen der Geoinformatik und der geometrischen Objektdokumentation im Umfeld archÀologischer, historischer und kulturgeschichtlicher Fragestellungen.
 
In einer Reihe von Projekten in Zusammenarbeit mit einer Vielzahl von Kooperationspartnern hat das i3mainz, vom Land Rheinland-Pfalz viele Jahre als “Kompetenzzentrum fĂŒr Informationstechnik in den Geisteswissenschaften” gefördert, umfangreiche Kompetenzen und entsprechende personelle und technische Infrastruktur aufgebaut.
 
“Spatial Humanities” sind als Teilgebiet der im geisteswissenschaftlichen Umfeld angesiedelten “Digital Humanities” (auch “e-Humanities” genannt) einzuordnen. Wir sehen Spatial Humanities als das Teilgebiet, in dem das i3mainz seine spezifischen, mit dem Raumbezug operierenden Kompetenzen in die Etablierung dieses innovativen Wissenschaftsfeldes einbringt.
 

 

Ansprechpartner

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Frank Boochs

Tel.: +49 6131-628-1432
Fax.: +49 6131-628-91432

Prof. Dr. phil. Kai-Christian Bruhn

Tel.: +49 6131-628-1433
Fax.: +49 6131-628-91433

Projekte

Ziel des Projekts DikoS ist es, ein Digitalisierungskonzept fĂŒr unterirdische Bergwerke und obertĂ€gige SteinbrĂŒche zu erstellen. Die angestrebten Digitalisate sollen der wissenscha

Das i3mainz unterstĂŒtzt das Heliopolis-Projekt im Kairener Stadtteil Mataryia mit dem Ziel, das Forschungsdatenmanagement der Grabung zu erarbeiten und umzusetzen. Die Ergebnisse d


Publikationen

COSCH - Vier Jahre interdisziplinÀrer Dialog zum Nutzen des kulturellen Erbes.

2017

S. Wefers

RTF

KulturBetrieb - Magazin fĂŒr innovative und wirtschaftliche Lösungen in Museen, Bibliotheken und Archiven








book review: M. MaƙíkovĂĄ, Ch. Zschieschang (Hrsg.), WassermĂŒhlen und Wassernutzung im mittelalterlichen Ostmitteleuropa. Forschungen zur Geschichte und Kultur des östlichen Mitteleuropa 50 (Stuttgart 2015)

2017

S. Wefers

RTF

Zeitschrift fĂŒr Ostmitteleuropa-Forschung








Katastrophenmanagement: Die geflutete Stadt

2017

C. Prudhomme

RTF

n.A.








Ontology-based Knowledge Representation for Recommendation of Optimal Recording Strategies - Photogrammetry and Laser Scanning as Examples.

2017

S. Wefers

RTF

gis.Science

Experts’ knowledge about optical technologies for spatial and spectral recording is logically structured and stored in an ontology-based knowledge representation with the aim to provide objective recommendations for recording strategies. Besides operational functionalities and technical parameters such as measurement principles, instruments, and setups further factors such as the targeted application, data, physical characteristics of the object, and external influences are considered creating a holistic view on spectral and spatial recording strategies. Through this approach impacting factors on the technologies and generated data are identified. Semantic technologies allow to flexibly store this knowledge in a hierarchical class structure with dependencies, interrelations and description logic statements. Through an inference system the knowledge can be retrieved adapted to individual needs.


Terrain difficulty as a relevant proxy for objectifying mobility patterns and economic behaviour in the Aurignacian of the Middle Danube region: the case of Stratzing (Austria)

2017

L. Moreau; G. Heinz; A. Cramer; M. Brandl; O. Schmitsberger; C. Neugebauer-Maresch

RTF

The Exploitation of Raw Materials in Prehistory: Sourcing, Processing and Distribution

This paper addresses the factors that conditioned the choices in lithic resource procurement for tool making at the Late Aurignacian site of Stratzing-Galgenberg (Austria), based on the lithic assemblage from the main area of the site. The raw materials used in the analysed assemblage are varied and partly relate to various local and non-local proveniences. The importance of non-local flint in the assemblage contradicts the distance decay model according to which the amount of a given raw material decreases with the increasing distance from its source. Drawing on the approach developed recently by Lucy Wilson, we examine the predictive ability of “source attractiveness” with respect to terrain difficulty and energy expenditure to understand why some sources were used more than others, using a Geographic Information System (GIS). Our results indicate that terrain difficulty and mobility costs matter and have a better predictive ability than Euclidean distance alone to explain assemblage variability in the Aurignacian of the Middle Danube region.


How to optimally record cultural heritage objects? Decision support through connected knowledge.

2017

S. Wefers

RTF

EVA Berlin 2017. Elektronische Medien & Kunst, Kultur und Historie 24. Berliner Veranstaltung der internationalen EVA-Serie Electronic Media and Visual Arts, 2017

Optical recording of material cultural heritage (CH) is a multidisciplinary activity where the understanding of cross-disciplinary semantics is vital for a successful completion. In many cases, a lack of understanding of transdisciplinary semantics slows this process down. The end users who are mostly humanities experts lack the technical knowledge of spatial and spectral recording and could therefore demand more than what is actually required or sufficient for the intended CH application. The negotiations between technical experts and the end users are a tedious process. We present a semantic-based decision support system, COSCHKR, that employs reasoning and recommends optimal recording technology(ies) according to the application requirements of the recorded and processed data. COSCHKR is an ontology-based knowledge model that implies the development of semantic technologies within the Semantic Web framework. It represents formalized knowledge of the disciplines involved in the process of optical recording of material CH. The paper describes the applicability of the model in spatial, spectral, and visualization applications and summarises current possibilities and challenges.


The Labelling System: A Bottom-up Approach for Enriched Vocabularies in the Humanities

2016

F. Thiery; T. Engel

RTF

43rd Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, CAA 2015

Shared thesauri of concepts are increasingly used in the process of data modelling and annotating resources in the Semantic Web. This growing family of linked data resources follows a top-down principle. In contrast, the Labeling System follows a bottom-up approach, enabling scientists working in the digital humanities to manage, create and publish their own controlled vocabularies in SKOS (Simple Knowledge Organization System). The created concepts can then be interlinked with well-known LOD (Linked Open Data) resources, a process named the ‘Labeling Approach’. The Labeling System is domain independent, while uniting perspectives of different scientific disciplines on the same label and therefore contributing to interdisciplinary collaboration for building up cross and inter-domain linked data communities. This paper addresses principles of the Labeling System in the light of archaeological use cases.


3D-Scanning und virtuelle 3D-Modelle zur UnterstĂŒtzung der Untersuchung und virtuellen Rekonstruktionen des Grabmals von Frankfurt am Main - Zeilsheim

2016

A. Cramer; G. Heinz; C. Justus; T. Reich

RTF

P. Fasold, A. Hampel, M. Scholz, M. Tabaczek, Der römische Bestattungsplatz von Frankfurt am Main - Zeilsheim. Grabbau und GrÀber der provinzialen Oberschicht